Tree Pruning

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Tree Trimming Nassau County

Tree Pruning

 

In the forest, large trees are free to play by their own rules – their limbs can branch out in all directions, stretch up as high as possible, and old, weak branches freely fall to the forest floor. The trees lining our streets and in our backyards, however, don’t have this freedom, but, it’s all for good reason.

 

Tree pruning is one of the best tree care methods that helps the trees in your backyard retain their natural look, while also ensuring that they grow strong and don’t become a safety hazard for us. Pruning refers to the process of selectively removing unwanted branches from a tree. 

Why is Tree Pruning Important?

Perhaps the most important benefit of the pruning process is that it improves the tree’s structure while promoting healthy growth. While trees grow naturally without pruning, performing routine landscape maintenance will encourage your trees to live a long life, while reaching their full potential. 

 

Tree trimming for plant health with a specific focus on removing diseased, dying, or dead branches and any stubs or branches that tend to rub together, so that the entire tree continues to grow healthily. 

 

By pruning and trimming in a particular way, a certified arborist can control the foliage size and encourage fruits and flowers to grow. Opening up a tree’s canopy will also let air and light filter throughout its entire body which minimizes the risk of disease. 

 

At the ground level, weeds and water sprouts can weaken the wood and prevent the absorption of adequate nutrients. Pruning can minimize this and help you grow a strong tree that can better withstand powerful winds and storms.

 

When is the Best Time to Prune Trees?

 

Light, routine tree pruning to remove diseased, weak, dying, or dead branches can be undertaken at any time of the year, with minimal effect on the tree. Keep in mind that regrowth and wound closure flourish if pruning is done before spring. 

 

Experts highly recommend avoiding any heavy pruning of live tissue right after the spring growth flush, as it may further weaken the tree or leave it prone to diseases that spread through pruning wounds. 

 

Therefore, susceptible trees should not be pruned during an active transmission period. For younger or developing trees, regular structural pruning is recommended as these will require lesser corrective pruning later on. 

 

If you’re unsure about when the right time to prune trees is, contact an ISA-certified arborist, to help you out.

Common Tree Pruning Techniques

The technique utilized for pruning will depend on your tree goals. The most common pruning techniques are listed below. The ultimate goal of all these techniques is to nurture a mature tree and keep it healthy, safe, and well-manicured.


  • Cleaning: This technique involves the removal of diseased, dead, weakly attached, or dying branches from the tree’s crown. Branches with less growth vigor and branch stubs may also be removed.
  • Raising: When the lower branches of a tree are removed to provide clearance for vistas, pedestrians, vehicles, or built structures, it is known as raising.


  • Reduction: As the name suggests, this tree pruning technique is focused on reducing the size of a tree and is usually undertaken to provide clearance for utility lines. It is best achieved by pruning back leaders and branch terminals to secondary branches which are big enough to take on terminal roles. Contrary to the process of topping a tree, this technique maintains the tree’s form and structural integrity.


  • Reducing Density: This pruning technique revolves around reducing the foliage density at the crown periphery. It is sometimes done to increase the penetration of light and wind for aesthetic purposes and helps promote the healthy development of interior foliage.


  • Structural or Subordination Cuts: A pruning method that combines one or more of the methods above, these cuts help improve the tree’s structure and long-term health.